Bijapur, the district headquarters of Bijapur of Karnataka state is a well known for its historical monuments of architectural importance and was built during the rule of the Adil Shahi dynasty. Located about 530 km northwest of Bangalore the city was established in the 10th-11th centuries by the Kalyani Chalukyas and was known as Vijayapura (City of victory).
The city consists of three distinct portions: the citadel, the fort and the remains of the city. The whole is surrounded by a deep moat 30 to 40 ft (12 m) broad.. The ancient splendour of the place is evidenced in the innumerable tombs, mosques, caravanserais and other edifices, which have resisted the havoc of time.
The Gol Gumbaz is the most famous monument in Bijapur. It is the tomb of Mohammed Adil Shah (ruled 1627-1657), is the largest dome ever built. A particular attraction in this monument is the central chamber, where every sound is echoed seven times and the Whispering Gallery, where even a minute sound can be heard clearly 37 metres away. The Archaeological Museum, near Gol Gumbaz, run by the Archaeological Survey has several curious objects like inscriptions, sculptures, paintings, manuscripts, and weapons etc., displayed.
Ibrahim Rauza, the tomb of Ibrahim Adil Shah II the fifth king of the dynasty, ruled 1580-1627, built on a single rock bed, is an important monument of the place noted for the symmetry of its features. The Malik-e-Maidan or the Monarch of the Plains is the largest medieval cannon in the world, the Upli Buruj, an 80 ft (24 m) high tower standing to the north of Dakhani Idgah in Bijapur, built around 1584 by Hyder Khan, the Chand Bawdi, a tank near eastern boundary of Bijapur built by Ali Adil Shah (1557–1580) are some of the other famous monuments in Bijapur.
Also found in the place are Asar Mahal, built by Mohammed Adil Shah in 1646, which was used as a Hall of Justice; Gagan Mahal or Sky Palace is a 21- meter façade and four wooden massive pillars with a majestic central arch; the Barakaman (Ali Roza-II), the mausoleum of Ali Roza built in 1672; Saat Kabar, meaning sixty graves, the site aptly called as the ‘dark tourist spot’ are few other places worth visiting in Bijapur. This heritage site tells the story of a passionate army chief, Afzal Khan, the army chief of Ali Adil Shah II of the Adil Shahi Dynasty, who killed his 63 wives fearing they would remarry after his death; Ibrahim Rauza, a magnificent tomb and a remarkable mosque enveloped by a garden; Malik-Karim-ud-dins, a Mosque standing at the east of the Chini Mahal and Jami Masjid, the largest and oldest mosque in the Deccan with built by Ali Adil Shah I. The other structures of theplace include, Jala Manjil, the Landa Kasab Gun, Sat-Manzil, Taj Bavadi and Mehatar Mahal. The place also has many mosques Malika Jahan Begam’s Mosque, Malik Sandals Mosque and the Mecca mosque. Some historical temples found in the place are Narasimha temple, popularly called as Narasoba or Narasimha temple, an 85- foot (26 m) tall statue of Lord Shiva and the Torvi Narasimha Temple located 5 km from Bijapur.