Mysore (or Mysuru) is located at the base of the Chamundi Hills about 146 km from Bangalore, is the third-largest city in the state of Karnataka and served as the capital city of Mysore Princely Kingdom for six centuries (1399 -1947). The Kingdom of Mysore was ruled by the Wodeyar dynasty who significantly contributed to the cultural growth of the city. Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan ruled the Kingdom for a brief period during late 18th century. The rich cultural heritage of Mysore earned it the sobriquet Cultural capital of Karnataka.
Tourism is the major industry, while IT is the major employer alongside the traditional industries. The city mainly depends on rail and bus transport for inter-city connections and has an Airport, known as MandakalliAirport.
The regional specialties of the place are the sweet dish Mysore Pak, the Mysore Peta (a traditional silk turban) and also the Mysore silk sarees. The Mysore style of painting, is also a distinct art form.
Noted for its many palaces, including the Majestic Mysore Palace, the city is famous for the Festival of Dasara, celebrated in grand splendor over a ten day period, with the city illuminated and glittery and also receiving large number of tourists during this time. The festival usually falls in the month of September or October. The JaganmohanPalace, the Jayalakshmi Vilas and the Lalitha Mahal are other palaces in the city. ChamundeshwariTemple located atop the Chamundi Hills, St. Philomena’s Church and Wesley’s Cathedral are some of the religious places of significance in Mysore. The Mysore Zoo, established in 1892, the Karanji and Kukkarahalli lakes are other popular recreational spots of Mysore.