Rameswaram, is a town in the Ramanathapuram district of Tamil Nadu. It is located on PambanIsland, separated from mainland India by the Pamban channel and is about 50 kilometres from Mannar Island, Sri Lanka. It is situated in the Gulf of Mannar, at the very tip of the Indian peninsula. PambanIsland, also known as RameswaramIsland, is connected to mainland India by the PambanBridge. Together with Varanasi, Rameswaram is considered to be one of the holiest places in India to Hindus.
According to Hindu mythology, this is the place from where the Hindu god Rama built a bridge, across the sea to Lanka to rescue his wife Sita from her abductor Ravana. The RamanathaswamyTemple dedicated to the Hindu god Shiva is located at the centre of the town and is closely associated with Rama. The temple along with the town is considered a holy pilgrimage site for both Shaivites and Vaishnavites.
Rameswaram is the closest point to reach Sri Lanka and as suggested by geological evidences, the Adam’s Bridge was a former land connection between India and Sri Lanka. Majority of workforce here are employed in Tourism and fisheries.
Rameswaram has an average elevation of 10 metres and the island is spread in the shape of a conch and majority of the area has sandy soil due to the presence of sea and has many islands surrounding it with the Palk Strait in the north west and Gulf of Mannar in the south East. The RamanathaswamyTemple occupies major area of Rameswaram and the beach of Rameswaram is calm and the sea featured with no waves at all. The sea waves rise to a maximum height of 3 cm and the view looks like a very big river.
SriRamanathaswamyTemple – located on the eastern side of the island is renowned for its magnificent corridors with massive sculptured pillars on either side. The longest corridor in the world is here. The history of the temple is linked with epic “Ramayan”. The water in the seashore, about 100 metres from the main entrance of Sri Ramanathaswamy temple, is very calm and is called Agnitheertham. The place is considered sacred and known as Agni theertham. Pilgrims perform poojas in honour of their ancestors at this seashore.
Gandamadana Parvatham is a hillock situated 3 km away and is the highest point in the island offering a bbirds eye view of the entire island of Raeshwaram . Also some important temples of the place are the Satchi Hanuman Temple , Badrakaliamman Temple , The Five-faced Hanuman Temple, Nambu Nayagiamman Temple, Nambu Nayagiamman Temple, Kothandaramaswamy Temple and the JadaTheertham